Who Is The Main Character Of To Kill A Mockingbird – To Kill a Mockingbird is a 1962 American drama film directed by Robert Mulligan. Horton Foote’s screenplay is based on Harper Lee’s 1960 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name. The film stars Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch and Mary Badham as Scout. It marked the debut of Robert Duvall, William Windom and Alice Ghostly.
It received an overwhelmingly positive reception from critics and audiences alike; a box office success, it earned more than six times its budget. The film won three Academy Awards, including Best Actor for Peck, and was nominated for eight, including Best Picture.
Who Is The Main Character Of To Kill A Mockingbird
In 1995, the film was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry as “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.” In 2003, the American Motion Picture Institute named Atticus Finch the greatest movie hero of the 20th century. In 2007, the film was ranked twenty-fifth on AFI’s 10th anniversary list of the greatest American films of all time. In 2020, the British Film Institute included it in their list of 50 must-see films for under 15s.
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The film was restored and released on Blu-ray and DVD in 2012 as part of Universal Pictures’ 100th anniversary.
Adult Jean Louise “Scout” Finch narrates the film. Young Scout and her older brother Jem live in the fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama in the early 1930s. Despite the modest means of the family, the children enjoy a happy childhood, which is taken care of by their widowed father Atticus Finch and the black housekeeper of the family, Calpurnia. During the summer, Jem, Scout, and their friend Dill play games and often look for Arthur “Boo” Radley, a strange, reclusive neighbor who lives with his brother Nathan. The child has never seen Boo, who rarely leaves the house. On various occasions, Jem found small objects left in tangles on the grounds of the Radley estate. These include Brock’s pocket watch, an old spelling medal, a pocket knife and two carved soap dolls that look like Jem and Scout.
Atticus, a lawyer, firmly believes that all people deserve to be treated fairly by turning the other cheek and standing up for what you believe in. Many of Atticus’ clitors are poor farmers who pay for his legal services in trade, often leaving him fresh produce, firewood, and so on.
Atticus’ work as a lawyer often exposes Scout and Jem to the racism of the town, which is exacerbated by poverty. As a result, the child matures faster.
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Atticus is assigned to judge Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell. Atticus takes the case, strengthening Zion in the town and forcing Jem and Scout to experience taunts in the schoolyard. One day on the eve of trial, as Atticus sits outside the local jail to guard Robinson, a mob of executioners arrives. Scout, Jem, and Dill unexpectedly interrupt the confrontation. Scout, unaware of the mob’s intentions, recognizes Mr. Cunningham and asks him to give his regards to his son, Walter, a classmate of hers. Cunningham becomes embarrassed and the crowd disperses.
The lawsuit alleges that Tom seized Ewell’s property at Maiella’s request to cut the cypher robe, and that Maiella was showing signs of being beaten around that time. One of Atticus’s defenses is that Tom’s left hand is disabled due to a farming accident years ago, but the alleged rapist must have primarily attacked Mayella with his left hand before raping her. Atticus pointed out that Mayella’s father, Bob Ewell, is left-handed, implying that he beat Mayella for catching her seducing a young black man (Robinson). Atticus also claims that Maiello was never seen by a doctor after the alleged attack. Taking a stand, Tom dies, he attacked Mayella, but claims she kissed him against his will. He testifies that he used to help Mayella in various cases at her request because he “felt sorry for her” – words that cause a quick negative reaction from the prosecutor.
In his closing argument, Atticus asks the white male jury to put aside their prejudices and focus on Tom’s apparent innocence. However, Tom is found guilty. As Atticus leaves the courtroom, the black spectators in the balcony rise to show their respect and gratitude.
When Atticus arrives home, Sheriff Tate informs him that Tom was killed during his transfer to the jail, apparently during an escape attempt. Atticus, accompanied by Jem, goes to the Robinson house to deliver the news of Tom’s death. Bob Ewell appears and spits in Atticus’ face.
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Fall arrives and Scout and Jem attend an evening school pageant where Scout portrays a ham. After the pageant, Scout can’t find her dress and shoes, forcing her to walk home with Jem in a large, hard shell suit. While cutting through the forest, Scout and Jem are attacked. Scout’s bulky suit protects her but limits her vision. Jem is knocked unconscious by the attacker, but is himself attacked (and killed) by a second man without a scout. Scout escapes her suit and sees a second man carrying Jem to their house. Scout follows them and runs into the arms of a maddened Atticus. Still unconscious, Jem’s broken arm is treated by Doc Reynolds.
Scout tells Sheriff Tate and her father what happened and notices a stranger outside Jem’s bedroom door. Atticus introduces Scout to Arthur Radley, whom she knows as Boo. It was Boo who saved Jem and Scout by defeating Bob Ewell and bringing Jem home. The sheriff reports that Ewell, clearly seeking revenge for insulting Atticus in court, is dead at the scene. Atticus mistakenly assumes that Jem killed Ewell in self-defense, but Sheriff Tate realizes the truth – Boo killed Ewell while protecting the child. His official report will state that Ewell died by stabbing himself. He refuses to bring the painfully shy, withdrawn Boo into the spotlight for his heroism, insisting that it would be a sin. As Scout walks Boo home, she makes a surprisingly precocious analogy, comparing the unwanted public attention Boo would receive to killing a singing mockingbird.
Universal offered the role to Rock Hudson when the project was still in development, but producer Alan J. Pakula wanted a bigger star.
The producers wanted to use Harper Lee’s hometown of Monroeville, Alabama as a set. Harper Lee used her childhood experiences in Monroeville as the basis for the fictional town of Maycomb, so it seemed like the best place to be. However, the city changed a lot between the 1920s and the early 1960s, so they moved to Hollywood instead.
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The Old Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville was used as a model for the set as they could not use the courthouse due to poor sound quality in the courthouse. The accuracy of the recreated Hollywood courthouse led many Alabamians to believe the movie was shot in Monroeville. The old Monroe County Courthouse is now the theater for many plays inspired by To Kill a Mockingbird, as well as a museum dedicated to many Monroeville authors.
The film received widespread critical acclaim. As of November 2021, the Rott Tomatoes rating is 93% based on 67 reviews, with an average rating of 8.9/10. The site’s critical opinion reads: “To Kill a Mockingbird is a textbook example of a message film done right – sober and serious, but never letting social consciousness get in the way of a gripping drama.”
Metacritic, using a weighted average, gave the film a score of 88 out of 100 based on 16 critics, indicating “universal acclaim”.
Horton Foote’s script and Mr. Mulligan’s direction may not penetrate as deeply, but they allow Mr. Peck, little Miss Badham, and Master Alford to portray wonderful characters. Their magical actions of a father and his child in such a close relationship, which can only happen in one short period, are worth all the frames of the film. Rosemary Murphy as the neighbor, Brock Peters as the negro on trial, and Frank Overton as the troubled sheriff are also good as local characters. James Anderson and Colin Wilcox star as Southern bigots – almost caricatures. But these are small flaws in a good movie.
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Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times criticized the film for focusing less on black people and for having a white savior narrative:
It expresses the liberal piety of a more innocent time, the early 1960s, and fits very easily with the realities of small-town Alabama in the 1930s. One of the most dramatic shots shows a lynch mob against Atticus, who is all alone on the prison steps the night before Tom Robinson’s trial. The mob is armed and ready to burst in and hang Robinson, but Scout bursts onto the scene, recognizes the poor farmer her father has been crazy about, and shames him (and everyone else) into leaving. Her speech is a calculated strategic exercise disguised as the innocent words of a child; one shot of her eyes shows that she knows exactly what
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