What Does The Attorney General Of A State Do – Merrick Brian Garland (born November 13, 1952) is an American attorney and jurist who, as of March 2021, is the 86th Attorney General of the United States. Since 1997, he has served as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. 2021.
Born in Chicago, Garland received his undergraduate and law degrees from Harvard University. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit Judge Hry J. Fridley and Supreme Court Justice William J. After serving as a law clerk to Brennan Jr., she practiced corporate litigation at Arnold & Porter and served as a Federal Prosecutor. Justice, he played a leading role in the investigation and prosecution of the Oklahoma City bombers. Garland was appointed to the D.C. Circuit by President Bill Clinton in March 1997 and served as its chief judge from 2013 to 2020.
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Democratic President Barack Obama nominated Garland to the Supreme Court in March 2016 to fill the vacancy created by the death of Antonin Scalia. But the Republican majority refused to vote or vote on his nomination. The unprecedented refusal of the state majority to consider the candidacy was very controversial. Garland’s nomination lasted 293 days (the longest) and expired on January 3, 2017, the d-day of the 114th Congress. In the end, President Donald Trump, a Republican, nominated Neil Gorsuch for the vacant seat, and a majority of the Republican Senate confirmed him.
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President Joe Beede nominated Garland’s attorney, Gerald, in January 2021. He was confirmed by the state and took office in March of that year.
Was director of volunteer services at the Chicago Council of Jewish Seniors (now called CJE SiorLife). His father, Cyril Garland (1915–2000),
Garland was raised in Conservative Judaism, having changed her last name several centuries before Garfinkel. His grandparents fled the Pale of the Russian Empire in the early 20th century to escape anti-Semitic pogroms and seek a better life for their children in the United States.
Garland attended Niles West High School in Skokie, Illinois, where he was Student Council President, acted in theater productions, and was a member of the debate team.
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Garland allied with her future boss, Jamie Gorelick, who was elected as the only freshman member of the general campus committee, on which Gorelick also served.
After President Jimmy Carter appoints Mikva to the DC Circuit, Mikva relies on Garland to hire law enforcement officers.
At Harvard, Garland wrote news articles and theater reviews for the Harvard Crimson and taught at Quincy House.
Garland graduated from Harvard in 1974 with an A.B. high marks and elected to Phi Beta Kappa.
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Where he was a member of the Harvard Law Review. Garland ran for president of the Law Review, but lost to Susan Estrich, so she served as articles editor instead.
As articles editor, Garland was commissioned to edit a statement by US Supreme Court Justice William Brennan on the role of state constitutions in protecting individual rights.
After law school, Garland clerked for two years, first for Judge Chris Friedley of the US Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1977 to 1978, and from 1978 to 1979 for Judge William Brennan on the US Supreme Court. .
Following the inauguration of the Carter administration in 1981, Garland entered private practice at the law firm of Arnold & Porter.
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In Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Ass’n v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co.
After winning the case in both the District Court for the District of Columbia and the Supreme Court, Garland wrote an eighty-seven-page Harvard Law Review article describing how courts apply a high “rigorous” standard of review and the scope of review the agency chooses. enforcement, with Congressional focus on the credibility of international agency efforts.
While at Arnold & Porter in 1985–86, Garland was a lecturer at Harvard Law School, teaching antitrust law.
He also published an article in the Yale Law Journal calling for a broader use of antitrust immunity for state and local governments.
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Eager to return to public service and do more trial work, in 1989 Garland became an Assistant United States Attorney in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia. As a prosecutor, Garland prosecuted the government in criminal cases ranging from drug trafficking to complex government corruption cases.
Garland was one of three attorneys general who investigated Washington Mayor Marion Barry’s cocaine possession.
In 1993, Garland joined the new Clinton Administration as a Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Criminal Division of the United States Department of Justice.
In this role, Garland’s responsibilities included overseeing domestic terrorism cases, including the Oklahoma City bombing, Ted Kaczynski (also known as the “Unabomber”), and the Atlanta Olympics bombings.
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Garland insisted on being in Oklahoma City after the attack to oversee the investigation in preparation for a criminal background check and indictment.
He reprimanded the government at the preliminary hearings for the two main defendants, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols.
Garland offered to lead the trial team, but was unable to because he was needed at Justice Department headquarters. Instead, he helped select the team and supervised it from Washington, D.C., where he was involved in major decisions, including the death penalty choices for McVay and Nichols.
Garland served as co-chair of the District of Columbia Administrative Law Section from 1991 to 1994.
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In 2003, Garland was elected to Harvard’s Board of Trustees, completing the unexpired term of Deval Patrick, who resigned from the board.
On September 6, 1995, President Bill Clinton appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals against his longtime administrator, Abner J.
The American Bar Association’s (ABA) Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary unanimously gave Garland a “well qualified” committee rating, its highest.
At his state court confirmation hearings, Garland said the Supreme Court justices he most admired were Justice Brannan and Chief Justice John Marshall, who served for him. Garland also expressed admiration for Justice Oliver Wdell Holmes’ writing style.
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Not because of concerns about Garland’s qualifications, but because of a dispute over whether or not to fill the seat.
Garland’s confirmation vote came to the floor of the Republican-controlled Senate on March 19, 1997. He was confirmed by a vote of 76-23 and took over the Judiciary Committee the next day.
A majority of Republican senators voted to confirm Garland, including Senators John McCain, Orrin Hatch, Susan Collins and Jim Inhofe.
All 23 “no” votes came from Republicans, and all were said to be based on “whether or not there is a need for an eleventh seat” in the D.C. district.
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As Chief Justice, Garland announced in May 2013 that the D.C. Circuit had unanimously decided to release audio recordings to the public on the same day of oral arguments.
And was involved in drafting new rules to protect federal judicial employees from workplace harassment, enacted after several sexual misconduct allegations against Judge Alex Kozinski.
Garland has been described by NPR’s Nina Totberg and Carrie Johnson as a “moderate liberal with some criminal convictions.”
Tom Goldstein, publisher of SCOTUSblog, wrote in 2010 that “Judge Garland’s record shows that he is an exemplary, neutral judge. He is widely recognized as the best. His opinion avoids unnecessary and trivial language.”
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As of 2016, Garland had written just five dissents in two decades on the court, fewer than his colleague Judge Brett Cavanaugh, who had 17 dissents in the previous decade.
For example, in In re Ike County (2013), the Garland judge issued a writ of mandamus ordering the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to reinstate the license for the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste storage facility.
In Americans for Safe Access v. Drug Enforcement Administration (2013), Garland joined a divided court upholding the DEA’s classification of marijuana as a Schedule I narcotic.
But, Goldstein said, in a number of split decisions on vironmal law, Garland “supported controversial EPA regulations and industry-demanded actions, while in other cases he acceded to challenges from vironmal groups.”
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Rancho Viejo, LLC v. Norton (2003) found that the Garland arroyo frog was protected under the federal Endangered Species Act.
District Judge John Roberts dissented from the rehearsed bank dial, writing that Congress’s interstate commerce power “doesn’t reach a tired frog in California for reasons of its own.”
In the BC, Garland sided with the prosecutors in four criminal cases where he disagreed with his colleague, showing that he deferred to the government on criminal cases.
For example, in United States v. Watson (1999), Garland rejected the trial court’s finding that the prosecutor’s closing argument was unduly prejudicial, arguing that the conviction should be reversed only “at most.”
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Originally posted 2022-09-21 02:31:00.