What Age Should A Man Check For Colon Cancer – Colonoscopy (/ˌ kɒləˈnɒskiəp i /) or colonoscopy (/kəˈlɒskəp i /)
Is a doscopic examination of the large intestine and the distal part of the small intestine with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. It can provide visual information (eg, cysts, polyps) and provide an opportunity to biopsy or remove tumors suspected of being skin cancer.
What Age Should A Man Check For Colon Cancer
Colonoscopy can remove tumors smaller than one millimeter. Once the polyps are removed, they can be examined under a microscope to determine whether or not they are cancerous. It can take up to 15 years for a polyp to turn into cancer.
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Colonoscopy is similar to sigmoidoscopy – the difference is that the parts of the colon can be examined by anyone. Colonoscopy allows examination of the small intestine (1, 200–1, 500 mm in lgth). Sigmoidoscopy allows examination of the distal portion (approximately 600 mm) of the colon, which may be sufficient because colonoscopy’s relevance to cancer survival is limited to tumors in the distal colon.
Sigmoidoscopy is often used as screening for a full colonoscopy, which is often done in conjunction with a fecal occult blood test (FOBT). About 5% of screed patients are referred for colonoscopy.
Virtual colonoscopy, which uses 2D and 3D images reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) scans or from nuclear magnetic resonance (MR) scans, can also, as a non-invasive medical test. In general, colonoscopy does not allow treatment methods such as polyp and tumor removal or biopsy, or images of tumors smaller than five millimeters; If a growth or polyp is found using CT colonography, it may need to be removed during a regular colonoscopy. Surgeons use the term pouchoscopy to refer to colonoscopy of the ileo-anal pouch.
Unexplained changes in bowel habits and suspicion of disease. Colonoscopies are often used to diagnose colon and rectal cancer,
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In older patients (sometimes younger) an unexplained drop in hematocrit (an indicator of anemia) is a symptom that requires a colonoscopy, usually accompanied by an esophagogastroduodoscopy (EGD), ev if no obvious blood is present and a footstool. dirt).
A blood test is a quick test that can be done to check for blood in the stool. A positive test is always an indication for a colonoscopy. Most of the time good results are due to tumors; However, it can also be due to diverticulosis, inflammatory diseases (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis), colon cancer, or polyps. Colonic polypectomy has become a routine part of colonoscopy, allowing quick and easy removal of polyps during the procedure, without invasive surgery.
Colonoscopy is one of the most common colorectal cancer screening tests available to people in the US who are 45 years of age or older. Other screening tests include flexible sigmoidoscopy, double-contrast barium ema, computed tomographic (CT) colonography (virtual colonoscopy), guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT), fecal immunochemical test (FIT), and multitarget stool screening test. DNA (Cologuard).
The subsequent reduction is planned based on the first results obtained, a five-year recall or t is common for colonoscopies that produce normal results.
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People with a family history of colon cancer often get the disease in their teenage years. Among people who had a first colonoscopy that did not find polyps, the risk of developing colorectal cancer within five years is very low. Therefore, there is no reason for these people to have another colonoscopy less than five years after the first screening.
Some US medical organizations recommend screening colonoscopy every 10 years starting at age 50 for adults without an increased risk of colon cancer.
Research shows that the risk of cancer is low for 10 years if an advanced colonoscopy does not detect cancer, so this type of test is indicated every t years.
Colonoscopy screening prevents about two-thirds of deaths from left-sided colon cancer, and is not associated with a significant reduction in right-sided colon cancer deaths.
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Colonoscopy reduces the number of cancers by detecting colon polyps and cancer on the left side of the colon early so they can be treated, with a smaller number on the right side; Most of these left-sided cysts could be detected by sigmoidoscopy.
Since polyps usually take 10 to 15 years to turn into cancer in someone who is at risk for colon cancer, guidelines recommend 10 years after a screening colonoscopy before the next colonoscopy. (This period does not apply to people who are at high risk for skin cancer, or to those who have symptoms of skin cancer.)
Although many are referred to in the US as the “gold standard” for colon cancer, colonoscopy has not been studied as a diagnostic tool. Most of the benefits of colonoscopy have been derived from randomized controlled trials of sigmoidoscopy. The CONFIRM trial, a randomized trial of colonoscopy vs. FIT continues.
The American Cancer Society recommends that, starting at age 45, both men and women follow one of the following screening programs to detect polyps and/or cancer:
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Intestinal rupture occurs in about 1 in 2000 procedures, bleeding in 2.6 in 1000, and death in 3 in 100,000;
In some low-risk groups, screening and colonoscopy in symptomatic abscesses do not outweigh the risks of this procedure. For example, the chance of developing cancer between the ages of 20 and 40 in an abscess of certain risk factors is about 1 in 1, 250 (0.08%).
The most serious complication is a ruptured stomach, which is life-threatening and often requires major surgery to repair.
A 2003 study on the risks of sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy showed that the risk of perforation after colonoscopy is almost twice that after sigmoidoscopy (related to the fact that colonoscopy looks at the longest part of the colon), a difference that seems to be decreasing. .
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Bleeding problems can be treated immediately during surgery using an instrument. Delayed bleeding can also occur at the polyp removal site one week after surgery, and a repeat procedure can be performed to treat the bleeding site. In many cases, bleeding can occur after a colonoscopy due to adhesions between the colon and spleen.
As with any surgical procedure, some complications may include cardiovascular complications such as a temporary drop in blood pressure and oxygen saturation, usually due to overdose, and are easily reversible. Anesthesia can also increase the risk of bleeding and causing pulmonary embolism or deep vous thrombosis. (DVT)
In some cases, severe heart disease, such as heart attack, stroke, or death; these are very rare except in patients with multiple complications. In some cases, unconsciousness associated with anesthesia may occur.
Dehydration due to laxatives that are often given during colonoscopy preparation. Therefore, patients should drink plenty of water on the day of colonoscopy preparation to prevent dehydration. Loss of electrolytes or dehydration is a serious risk that can be fatal.
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In some cases, severe dehydration can lead to kidney damage or kidney failure in the form of phosphate nephropathy.
During colonoscopies where the polyp is removed (polypectomy), the risk of complications is high, although it is still low at about 2.3 percent.
One of the most common complications that can occur after a colonoscopy is postpolypectomy syndrome. This condition is caused by inflammation of the intestinal wall when the polyp is removed, and can cause fever and abdominal pain. It is a common complication, which is treated with intravenous fluids and antibiotics.
Gastrointestinal disease is a risk of pottial colonoscopy, although rare. The intestine does not produce vironmt; A large number of bacteria that normally live in the gut ensure that the gut is healthy, and the risk of infection is low. Infections can occur in intestinal biopsies when large amounts of tissue are removed and bacteria are found in places they are not, or when the intestinal lining is punctured and bacteria enter the stomach.
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Bacteria can also spread to the colon if the colonoscope is not cleaned and sealed properly for colonoscopy.
Minor risks of colonoscopy may include nausea, vomiting or an allergic reaction to the medication used. If the drug is given intravenously, the vein may become irritated. Most of the pain that occurs in the veins leaves a swelling that lasts for a few days but goes away.
Symptoms of the problem include severe abdominal pain, fever and chills, or bleeding from the intestines (more than half a cup or 100ml).
For one to three days, the patient needs to follow a low-fat diet or a liquid diet only. Examples of clear liquids are apple juice, chicken and/or beef broth or bouillon, lemonade, lemonade, sports drinks, and water. It is important that the patit still has water. Sports drinks contain electrolytes that are depleted during bowel movements. Drinks that contain fiber such as prunes and oranges
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