University Online Classes Fend Virus – A historical review of Western Australia’s past five years from exclusion to inclusion: what have we learned?
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University Online Classes Fend Virus
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The Coronavirus Exposes Education’s Digital Divide
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A Global Distance Education Journey – From the Post Office to Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality and Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Research, Development And Application Of Covid 19 Vaccines: Progress, Challenges, And Prospects
Received: January 20, 2021 / Revised: February 26, 2021 / Accepted: March 4, 2021 / Published: March 11, 2021
Surprisingly, distance education is a fairly old concept. Its origins can be traced back to the first correspondence courses offered by the Postal Service in Boston, USA in the 18th century. Rapid technological developments, especially video and audio streaming, have increased the availability of such courses and transferred learning to the virtual world. Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, we are witnessing an accelerated revolution in the learning process as nearly all forms of education move online. Will this have a destructive effect on the human psyche? Are humans conscious enough and ready for such a drastic change? Will we return to physical learning in the classroom, or will distance learning become the new normal? Especially in medicine, computer science, fine arts or architectural design, such rapid changes in the way students learn can be very challenging. In this article, we outline the history of distance learning, taking into account the perspectives of teachers and students in secondary and higher education.
Today, humans are busier than ever. For this reason, a classical education is no longer suitable for some of us. The technological revolution has allowed us to learn anytime, anywhere, forever changing the way we learn.
Distance learning is a type of education in which students and their lecturers are separated, i.e. they live in different physical locations, and their teaching is communicated using different technologies . Distance education can be divided into two categories: asynchronous learning and synchronous learning . Asynchronous distance learning is based on teacher and learner interactions at different times, such as learning from paper instructions, listening to recorded lectures, or watching pre-recorded visual tutorials in a flexible time frame. Concurrent learning, in turn, requires real-time interaction, such as listening to a live radio show or attending a live webinar . Naturally, asynchronous distance learning is older than synchronous distance learning, as the latter is only possible through new developments in communication technology . Both methods have become popular and the choice of the appropriate teaching method depends on the knowledge the learner wants to acquire. Sometimes, a mix of synchronous and asynchronous teaching is used. Modern distance education uses computers and the Internet as delivery mechanisms, with at least 80% of course content delivered online [5, 6].
Viral And Host Factors Related To The Clinical Outcome Of Covid 19
Decades ago, to study in a particular field, one had to take classes in person, and it was impossible to start without passing a classified exam. Now, it only takes a few minutes to register online to attend world-class lectures that are available to everyone from all over the world without leaving home . This way of education is no longer expensive, not just for those who cannot attend classes for important reasons like family or health, but for everyone. Participation is technically limited as this requires a computer/tablet and internet access. Online courses are currently available to all who wish to learn and understand new things. Regardless of the subject chosen, courses are readily available and suitable for both beginners and advanced students. Everything from the fundamentals of physics to quantum chromodynamics can be learned online.
Depending on the country and institution that organizes online education, many technologies are employed, such as social learning (learning through social interaction among peers) , gamification (integration of games into education, such as through learning platforms or video games) [9 , 10] and personalization (customizing learning through a personalized approach to students’ strengths and weaknesses) [11, 12]. All these methods are used to ensure high retention of knowledge and good absorption of content by course participants. Unlike in the past, today, online education does not require the use of a stationary computer. Content can be displayed on tablets [13, 14], smartphones [15, 16], laptops [17, 18] or using virtual reality (VR) goggles [19, 20]. This enables students to gain knowledge and understanding that new solutions are being implemented globally. Today, students can read and respond to emails anytime from a computer, smartphone, tablet, or other electronic device. Students can be mentored at a lower cost than ever before, and it takes less time to deliver them. This makes the use of distance education increasingly feasible and accessible in many contexts.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, distance learning has become mainstream [21, 22, 23, 24]. Here, we briefly discuss the origin and history of distance learning in secondary and higher education from the perspective of technological development, including its advantages and disadvantages bilaterally (from the perspective of students and lecturers or teachers).
The research method is based on the scope review method [25, 26, 27, 28]. We considered over 100 publications from 1926 to 2021 from IEEE Xplore (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), Google Scholar, Elsevier, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), European Open Science Infrastructure (OpenAIRE), WorldCat, and other available data sources such as websites and selected government and EU documents. These papers were selected based on their inclusion of the following keywords (and their variants): distance learning, distance learning, distance education and online courses. Selected resources were analysed according to their compliance with the analysed topics and their contribution to the development of distance learning. The analysis takes into account factors such as geographic division and the form of dissemination of instructional materials, where the media presented are presented in the order in which they appear, including correspondence courses, radio, television, etc. Furthermore, applications of the latest technological developments, such as virtual reality, augmented reality and mixed reality, are considered and discussed based on their utility as a distance learning tool. The purpose of the proposed review is to demonstrate that distance learning is not a new paradigm. Through a systematic analysis of distance education experiences around the world, we highlight how quickly this form of education has evolved from its initial post-mail (asynchronous training) to virtual teaching, and even gamification. This review presents the most important developments regarding the incorporation of electronics into everyday life and the use of recording media, as the latter allows the combination of asynchronous and synchronous training to become prevalent worldwide.
Of Bats And Men: Immunomodulatory Treatment Options For Covid 19 Guided By The Immunopathology Of Sars Cov 2 Infection
Getting an education has almost always been paramount. Yet for most of human history, few people could afford the privilege of learning or learning. For centuries, education was only available through teachers. Generally, learning takes place through lectures and discussions in traditional classrooms. For example, when students wish to study at the University of Cambridge, UK, they must live within 10 miles of the city centre, limiting their accommodation to special colleges, resulting in considerable costs [29, 30]. Distance education can address issues related to participant localization and access knowledge for a wider audience.
Distance learning (formerly known as correspondence education) was formerly known as Caleb Phillips, who led training in shorthand (an abbreviated notation writing method) through weekly courses offered by the United States Postal Service [31, 32]. Interestingly, the first participants in the distance course were mostly women. In turn, in 1840, in
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