To Kill A Mockingbird Book Summary Short – To Kill a Mockingbird is a 1962 American drama film directed by Robert Mulligan. Horton Foote’s screenplay is based on Harper Lee’s 1960 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name. The film stars Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch and Mary Badham as the Scout. It was the film debut of Robert Duvall, William Wyndham and Alice Gosley.
It has received overwhelmingly positive responses from both critics and the public. It was a box office success, earning more than 6 times the budget. The film won three Academy Awards, including Best Actor for Peck, and was nominated for eight, including Best Picture.
To Kill A Mockingbird Book Summary Short
In 1995, the film was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation on the National Film Registry of “Culturally, Historically, or Aesthetically Important”. In 2003, the American Film Institute named Atticus Finch the greatest film hero of the 20th century. In 2007, the film reached #25 on AFI’s list of the greatest American films of all time, celebrating its 10th anniversary. In 2020, the British Film Institute included it in their list of 50 movies to watch by age 15.
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The film was restored and released on Blu-ray and DVD in 2012 as part of Universal Pictures’ 100th anniversary.
The film is narrated by adult Jean Louise “Scout” Finch. Young Scout and her older brother Jem live in the fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama, in the early 1930s. Although unpretentious in the family, the child enjoyed a happy childhood with the care of his widower father Atticus Finch and his family’s black housekeeper, Calpurnia. During the summer, Jem, Scout, and their Fid Dill play games and find Arthur “Boo” Radley, a strange and reclusive neighbor who often lives with his brother Nathan. The child has never seen wealth that rarely leaves the house. On another occasion, Jem found a small object left inside a tree knot hole in the Radley property. It includes a Broke pocket watch, an old spelled medallion, a pocket knife, and 2 sculpted soap figurines resembling a Gem and a Scout.
As a lawyer, Atticus firmly believes that everyone deserves fair treatment. Atticus’ many clitoris is a poor farmer who pays for his legal services in trade and often leaves him fresh produce, firewood, etc.
As a lawyer, Atticus often exposes Scouts and Gem to racism in the village exacerbated by poverty. As a result, the child matures faster.
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Atticus is appointed to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell. Atticus accepts the incident, escalating tension in the town, and causing Gem and the Scout to be ridiculed on the school yard. The night before the trial, a group of lynches arrive as Atticus sits in front of a local prison to protect Robinson. Scout, Jem, and Dill unexpectedly interfere with the showdown. Unaware of the mob’s purpose, the Scout recognizes Mr. Cunningham and asks his classmate, Walter, to greet him. Cunningham panics and the crowd disperses.
At trial, it is alleged that Tom damaged the Ewell estate in a request to cut Mayella’s chifforobe, and that Mayella showed signs of being beaten at the time. One of Atticus’ resolute arguments is that Tom’s left arm was handicapped in a farm accident a few years ago, but if the alleged rapist was there, he would have mostly had to attack Mayella with his left hand before raping Mayella. Atticus mentioned that Mayella’s father, Bob Ewell, was left-handed, suggesting that he beat Mayella because Mayella caught seducing a young black man (Robinson). Atticus also says that Mayella has never been seen by a doctor after the alleged assault. Taking a stand, Tom dies while attacking Mayella, but says she kissed him against his will. He testifies that he had previously helped with various chores at Mayella’s request. Because he “had pity on her” of her.
In the final argument, Atticus asks the white male jury to put aside their prejudices and focus on Tom’s apparent innocence. But Tom is convicted. As Atticus leaves the courtroom, the black crowd on the balcony rises to show respect and appreciation.
When Atticus arrives home, Sheriff Tate informs that Tom was murdered while transported to prison. Atticus and Gem go to Robinson’s house to report Tom’s death. Bob Ewell appears and spit in Atticus’ face.
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Fall is coming, and the Scout and Gem attend the evening school beauty pageant featuring the Scout as Ham. After the pageant was over, the Scout couldn’t find her dress and shoes, and she had to walk home with Gem in a large, hard jacket. While crossing the forest, she is attacked by Scouts and Gems. The Scout’s pesky outfit protects her, but limits her view. The attacker knocks Gem unconscious, but is attacked by the Scout’s second person and dies. The Scout takes off her costume and sees the second man taking Gem home. The Scout follows them and runs to the mad Atticus’ arms. Gem, who is still unconscious, is treated by Doc Reynolds.
The Scout tells Sheriff Tate and her father what happened, and finds a strange man behind the door to Gem’s bedroom. Atticus introduces the Scout to Arthur Radley, who he knows as wealth. Boo rescues Jem and Scout, subdues Bob Ewell and takes Jem home. Sheriff reports that Ewell, who appeared to be humiliating Atticus in court, was killed at the scene of the attack. Atticus mistakenly believes that Gem killed Ewell on her own excuses, but Sheriff Tate realizes her truth. His official report states that Ewell was killed by a knife. He is painfully shy and introverted, refusing to claim that it would be a sin to draw wealth into the spotlight for his heroism. When Scout takes Boo home, she makes a startlingly precocious metaphor. Compare the unwelcome public interest in Boo to the killing of a parrot that only sings.
Universal offered Rock Hudson the role when the project was first developed, but producer Alan J. Pakula wanted a bigger star.
The crew wanted to use Harper Lee’s hometown of Monroeville, Alabama, as the set. Harper Lee used her childhood experiences in her Monroeville as the basis for the fictional Maycomb town, so it seemed like the best place to be. However, since the city changed significantly between the 1920s and early 1960s, it created Hollywood back alleys instead.
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The Old Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville was used as a model for the film set because the courthouse was not available due to poor audio quality. The accuracy of the court reinvented in Hollywood has led many Alabamaers to believe that the film was shot in Monroeville. The Old Courthouse in Monroe County is now a theater of many plays inspired by To Kill a Mockingbird and a museum dedicated to several writers in Monroeville.
The film was acclaimed by a wide range of critics. As of November 2021, it has a rating of 93% based on 67 reviews on Rott Tomatoes, with an average rating of 8.9/10. A critical comment on the site states, “To Kill a Mockingbird is a textbook example of a film with the right message, which is serious and serious, but doesn’t let the social conscience get in the way of capturing the drama.”
Metacritic used a weighted average to give it a score of 88 out of 100 based on 16 reviewers. It means “Universal Admiration”.
Screenplay by Horton Foote and Mr. Mulligan’s instructions may not go that deep, but Mr. Peck and little Miss Badham and Master Alford allow us to portray delightful characters. The captivating performance of a father and child in that close relationship that can happen in such a short time is worth every scene in the film. Rosemary Murphy as Neighbor, Brock Peters as Negro on trial, and Frank Overton as Sheriff in Trouble are also good local characters. James Anderson and Collin Wilcox are almost caricatures of Southern bigots. But those are minor drawbacks in a worthwhile film.
To Kill A Mockingbird (1962) Ending / Spoiler
Chicago Sun-Times’ Roger Ebert criticized the film as less focused on black people and criticized the film for having a white savior narrative.
It expresses the liberal piety of the early 1960s naive era, and very easily portrays the reality of the small town of Alabama in the 1930s. One of the most dramatic scenes shows a lynch mob facing Atticus alone on the stairs of a prison the night before Tom Robinson’s trial. The mob is armed and ready to break into Robinson and hang him, but the Scout jumps into the scene, recognizes his father’s fearful poor farmer and forces him (and everyone else) to leave with shame. Her speeches are calculated strategic actions and are masked by the naivety of a child. A single glance in her eye reveals exactly what she is realizing.
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