How To Know If Someone Has Dyslexia – Hello again! I intended to get this post up right after the previous post but life happens. 😉 My last post is about what happens in the brain while we read. Make sure you read that post first before continuing to this one. This will make more sense if you read that first.
After reading this post, you should check out older articles about the myths and misconceptions surrounding dyslexia. Knowing what dyslexia is not will help you understand what it is. I am not an expert by any means. This has become my passion to learn more and spread the knowledge and understanding that I have.
How To Know If Someone Has Dyslexia
I recommend that you read some more and, if possible, take a class or seminar by someone who is an expert so that you can learn more! The research on dyslexia is out there and there is a lot of it. We just want to get it out there as common knowledge for all students. gone A good place to start is Overcoming Dyslexia by Sally Shaywitz.
Guide To Overcoming Dyslexia
I created this image to quickly get out some important things to know about dyslexia. It was inspired by this definition from the International Dyslexia Association:
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulty with accuracy and / or recognition of words fluently and by ability. Bad spelling and decoding.
1. First, it is neurobiological. It is not from a lack of effort or wisdom. There are differences in the brain that developed before formal orders. You will see below more about this.
2. It is a language disability. It is not a problem with vision. People with dyslexia have difficulty with language skills, including reading, spelling, writing, and in some cases, even pronouncing words.
Therapist Shows How Hard It Is For Dyslexic People To Read By Challenging The Internet To Read A ‘dyslexified’ Text
3. Dyslexia runs through the family. When children struggle with reading, this is the first thing I look for – family history. Many parents/grandparents may not know they have dyslexia but they will say they “have trouble in school” or “don’t like reading” or “not a good reader”.
4. Dyslexia is more common than you realize. About 1 in 5 students have dyslexia. That means you often have dyslexic students in your class. There is a wide range of abilities and symptoms, so it is not always a clear case. The more I learn about dyslexia, the more I see it. Think about it: if you have a class of 20, that means that statistically, you have 4 children who suffer from this disability to some degree. It is very important!
As I mentioned above, there is a wide range when it comes to the severity of symptoms. I started studying dyslexia when I had a student who was profoundly dyslexic. It can’t be ignored, even if I don’t know what I’m dealing with. By studying his severe symptoms of dyslexia, I began to see the same symptoms in students who were not as difficult as he was. Now, after years of knowing what to look for, I can see how common it really is.
This is the first thing I look for. When a student is experiencing telephonic awareness in kindergarten/first grade, that’s a red flag for you. I started working with children in preschool who were struggling with Phonemic recognition. Some of them become all regular readers. Others improved with intervention, but were later diagnosed with dyslexia. Early intervention is important for students with and without dyslexia because phonemic awareness is one of the main indicators of reading success. (See my post on phone literacy.)
Why Is It So Difficult To Diagnose Dyslexia And How Can We Do It Better?
I think sometimes people think that since I work at a private school, there must be no difficult readers. Wrong! Since dyslexia is the result of a difference in the brain, it can affect people from all backgrounds and economic situations.
Now that we have looked at what dyslexia is, we can look at some of the reasons why students struggle with this disability. Let’s see the brain! Disclaimer: I am not a brain scientist or an expert in any way. I’m just taking the information I’ve learned to share with you all. First, let’s review one slide from my last post. Make sure you read that first.
My previous posts talked about the different roles of each of these systems. To explain what happens in the brain of a dyslexic reader, I am focusing on three things related to decoding.
(Sorry, these two slides say the same thing, but I saw the picture and couldn’t decide which was better.)
A Day In The Life Of A Child With Dyslexia
Notice that they don’t develop the word form area on the left, which leads to fluent reading. This area is where word retrieval becomes automatic.
To read a word, a person with dyslexia takes a longer route through the brain. They can be delayed in the analytical front part of the slow brain.
New research has found that with the right guidance, we can begin to create new paths for our dyslexic readers. That’s why proper advice is so important. (My next article will go into this further.)
Now let’s look at the warning signs of dyslexia. When I saw these symptoms, I didn’t diagnose anything. (There are experts for that.) However, I will start giving them the support they need. Early intervention is important!
What Is Dyslexia?” And Other Common Dyslexia Questions, Answered
I don’t work with preschoolers, but I work with preschoolers. When students are struggling to learn the alphabet and seem to forget letters from one day to the next, I start to intervene.
When students struggle with phonetic recognition, I immediately start doing activities to develop that. Phone awareness activities should be fun! All kindergarten classes must have daily activities. These are simple and short activities. If students don’t pick up these skills by middle age, that’s when I start intervening with them. It’s also a fun, simple activity.
I think the biggest warning signs for me are middle school students who seem bright and interested in learning, but struggle to remember their letters, days of the week, and other general things like that. If they do their children’s journal and you see that they avoid words (instead they look around and only write words that they can copy) or if they try but it seems very difficult despite the opportunity to practice more, I will watch more. into that.
(Note: If a child comes into your preschool class with no literacy at home – no books, no reading, no early alphabet instruction – that’s a different story. However, you will give them the same RTI at this point because you want them exposed). skills. In fact, that kind of advice is good for all readers.
Dyslexia In Adults: 19 Signs Of Reading Learning Differences
This is when spelling becomes a bigger red flag. Flexibility is also a big deal. Comprehension problems are often the result of slow or inaccurate reading. These are children who may have good comprehension during reading aloud but not when they read to themselves.
Third grade is usually when dyslexics hit a wall. If they were able to compensate or hide their disability in previous grades, they usually can’t anymore. That’s because there are many words! They can no longer remember every word. Polysyllabic words became commonplace. So many words look the same. Advanced decoding is necessary.
It is important to remember that dyslexia is not one size fits all. If you have met a student with dyslexia, then you have met a student with dyslexia. Dyslexia can look very different to each student. Remember that there is a spectrum, from mild to severe. By the time a student is in 5th grade, if they have mild dyslexia, they may be reading okay, but they may have difficulty spelling or their reading may be slower.
The good news is you don’t have to be the one to determine that a student is dyslexic. It is important that you know what to look for so that you can recommend additional tests and evaluations, if needed.
My Daughter Has Dyslexia And Everyone Missed It
Learning Ally is a wonderful website that provides audio books for students with dyslexia to give them access to books at their intellectual and interest level. They have a way to find a reading specialist in your state who has experience with dyslexia.
I think it is important to note that you do not need a “diagnosis” to provide accommodations and support for students who have difficulty with reading, writing, and/or spelling.
Although as teachers we cannot diagnose dyslexia, there are tests we can use to see who may be at risk of reading difficulties. I always use DIBELS.
Click here to learn more about Structural Literacy, an instructional approach to teaching students to read that covers all elements of language and has guiding principles.
Tips For Teaching Writing To Your Dyslexic Students
It is taught. Initially I
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