Free Online Wiccan Classes

Free Online Wiccan Classes

Free Online Wiccan Classes – Wicca is a modern pagan religion based on nature. Although rituals and practices vary among people who identify as Wiccans, most observances include celebrations of solstice and equinox festivals, honoring a male god and a female goddess, and incorporating medicinal herbs and other natural objects into rituals. Wiccans practice their religion according to a code of ethics, and many believe in reincarnation.

Wicca is considered a modern interpretation of pre-Christian traditions, although some involved claim that it is related to ancient practices. It can be practiced by individuals or by members of groups (sometimes known as covens).

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Wicca also has some similarities to Druidism in its environmental component and is considered the inspiration for the goddess movement in spirituality.

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There is great diversity among individuals and groups who practice the Wiccan religion, but many are duotheistic, worshiping both a female goddess and a male god (sometimes called the mother goddess and the horned god).

Other Wiccan practices are atheistic, pantheistic, polytheistic, or revere gods and goddesses as archetypal symbols rather than real or supernatural beings. Rituals in Wicca often include holidays centered on the changing of the moon; Solar equinox and solstice; elements such as fire, water, earth and air; and initiation ceremonies.

The rituals of modern Wiccan practice can be traced back to the famous first-wave feminist, Egyptologist, anthropologist and folklorist Margaret Murray.

She wrote several books on medieval religion focusing on witch cults in medieval Europe that inspired British seekers to create their own coven and structure worship around her descriptions, beginning in 1921.

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, in which he announced it as “wica”, and an additional “c” was added in the 1960s. According to Gardner, the word was derived from Scots-English and meant “wise men”.

Gardner, considered the founder of Wicca, was born in 1884, north of Liverpool, England. A world traveler with an interest in the occult, Gardner first heard the word “Wica” used in the 1930s when he joined a coven in Highcliffe, England. He was admitted to the group in 1939.

In 1946, Gardner purchased land in the village of Brickett Wood to establish a center for the study of folklore, which would serve as the headquarters of his own coven.

Gardner died of a heart attack in 1964 while on a boat off the coast of North Africa. He was buried in Tunisia. Only the captain of the ship was present. In 1973, his extensive personal collection of artifacts was sold

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Gardner met the famous occultist Aleister Crowley in 1947. When Gardner officially wrote his Wiccan rituals, he drew heavily from Crowley’s own, which date back to 1912.

The two men had similar ideas. In 1914, Crowley proposed the idea of ​​forming a new religion that would draw on the old pagan traditions of worshiping the earth, celebrating the equinoxes and solstices, and other features of nature-based worship.

Written in the 1940s and 1950s, initiates had to make their own copy by hand. The origin of the title is unknown, but some believe it was borrowed from the work of Scottish children’s author Helen Douglas Adams.

A magazine that presented to its readers the reality of covens and their practices in the context of normal, educated people.

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For more popular consumption, forcing out Crowley’s influence. In 1957, Valiente split from Gardner’s alliance with other members and Gardner’s rivals emerged, each with their own alliance. Valiente would become a prominent Wiccan advocate and scholar.

In 1963, Gardner initiated British expatriate and Long Islander Raymond Buckland, who founded the Gardnerian Brentwood Coven, considered the first Wiccan coven in the United States.

Buckland became a vigorous promoter of Wicca in the United States, and in the 1970s he moved to New Hampshire and developed Seax-Wica, which invoked Anglo-Saxon mythology into the practice of Wicca.

Sybil Leek was the popularizer of Wicca in America. Claiming to be a hereditary witch, Leek joined the New Forest clan in the late 1940s, continuing her practice through several clans in England before moving to the United States and settling in Los Angeles.

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Leek has transformed her Wiccan practice into astrology-focused celebrity status, writing numerous books and a regular column in

. Dubbed the “Witch King”, Sanders has usually pushed myths about his own lineage, claiming royal descent and stating that his grandmother was not only Wiccan, but learned a type of witchcraft said to have originated in Atlantis, involving King Arthur and Merlin.

Sanders attracted a younger generation of followers, and his gruesome stories are thought to have influenced the popularization of Wicca as an alternative lifestyle in the 1970s.

Laurie Cabot, the “Salem Witch,” began attracting attention in the United States in the late 1960s by teaching classes at Salem State College and helping police solve cases.

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Her occult shop in Salem is one of the first in America, and she founded the popular Witch Ball. Governor Michael Dukakis named her the “Official Witch of Salem” in 1977, and in 1986 founded the Witches League of Public Awareness.

In the 1970s, the American version of Wicca transformed from a magic-based pagan discipline that claimed its British heritage into a nature-based spiritual movement with heavy overtones of environmentalism and feminism. In turn, this affected religion in England.

Feminist influence in Wicca grew stronger in the 1970s and 1980s, brought about by women who entered the religion attracted to the female divinity, but were confronted with the misogynistic reality within the religion’s ranks.

In 1971, Wiccan activist Z. Budapest started the Susan B. Anthony coven, which practiced Dianic Wicca, a form of matriarchal lunar worship. Budapest wrote

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In that case, incarcerated Wiccan Herbert Daniel Dettmer was refused ritual objects used in worship. The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that Wicca is entitled to First Amendment protection like any other religion.

In 1998, a Wiccan student in Texas sought help from the ACLU after her school board tried to prevent her from wearing Wiccan jewelry and black clothing. The board has changed its position.

In 2004, the Indiana Civil Liberties Union fought to overturn a judge’s ruling that divorcing Wiccans were not allowed to teach their sons about the faith.

In 2005, U.S. Army Sgt. Patrick D. Stewart became the first Wiccan serving in the US military to die in combat. His family was denied the Wiccan pentacle on his tombstone. As a result of a lawsuit brought by Americans United for the Separation of Church and State, Wiccan symbols are now accepted by the Veterans Administration.

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The number of Wiccan practitioners in the United States has proven difficult to estimate, with sources reporting a range of 300,000 to three million practitioners.

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