Can You Get Type 2 Diabetes Without Being Overweight
Can You Get Type 2 Diabetes Without Being Overweight

Can You Get Type 2 Diabetes Without Being Overweight

Can You Get Type 2 Diabetes Without Being Overweight – Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way your body makes or uses insulin. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells, where it is stored and then used for energy. When you have type 2 diabetes, your fat cells, liver, and muscles don’t respond properly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar does not enter the cells to be stored as energy. When sugar cannot enter the cells, high levels of sugar build up in the blood. This is called hyperglycemia.

Can You Get Type 2 Diabetes Without Being Overweight

Type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly over time. Most people with the disease are overweight when they are diagnosed. Increased fat makes it harder for your body to use insulin in the right way. Type 2 diabetes can also develop in people who are thin. This is more common in older people. Family history and genes play a large role in type 2 diabetes. Low activity levels, a poor diet, and being overweight around the waist increase your risk.

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Often, people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first. They may have no symptoms for years. Early symptoms of diabetes may include:

If you experience any of these symptoms, please contact your primary care physician. If you don’t have a primary care doctor, we can help you find one.

Take our comprehensive Diabetes Risk Assessment to help you identify if you are at risk for diabetes. You will receive a personal report on your level of risk, and the opportunity to get help from our experts. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are not the same disease. Learn about the differences between the two, and how each affects the body.

High blood sugar levels in diabetes can be caused by a lack of insulin or the body’s failure to respond to insulin. Gwen Shockey/Alamy

Type 2 Diabetes And Yeast Infections

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes share the problem of high blood sugar levels. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and complications of both types of diabetes. However, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are two different diseases in many ways. According to the most recent estimates (2014) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 29.1 million people, or 9.3 percent of the US population, have diabetes. Type 1 diabetes affects only 5 percent of these adults, with type 2 diabetes affecting up to 95 percent. Here’s something else you need to know to understand health in the age of the diabetes epidemic.

“Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease — the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin,” says Andjela Drincic, MD, professor of internal medicine in the division of diabetes, endocrinology, and metabolism at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha. The exact cause is unknown, but it may be a combination of a gene that a person is born with and something in the environment that triggers the gene to become active.

“The causes of type 2 diabetes are multifactorial,” says Dr. Drinic. “People inherit genes that make them susceptible to type 2, but lifestyle factors, such as obesity and inactivity, are also important. In type 2 diabetes, at least in the early stages, there is enough insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of the disease, a poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity. African Americans, Latin Americans, and certain groups of Native Americans have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than do people. Caucasian America.

Usually, type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in childhood, whereas type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed after the age of 40. But this is not a hard rule. People are getting type 2 diabetes at a younger age and more and more adults are getting type 1 diabetes, says Shannon Knapp, RN, CDE, a diabetes educator at the Cleveland Clinic, highlighting the need for diabetes prevention at all ages.

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People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin, and as a result sugar builds up in the blood instead of getting into cells, where it’s needed for energy. In type 1 diabetes, high blood sugar causes symptoms such as thirst, hunger, and fatigue and can have devastating consequences, including damage to nerves, blood vessels, and internal organs. The same scary complications of diabetes arise in type 2 as well. The difference is that people with type 2 diabetes still produce insulin; their bodies become less sensitive over time, which is what causes complications.

The early symptoms of type 1 diabetes appear when blood sugar is too high. Symptoms include thirst, hunger, fatigue, frequent urination, weight loss, tingling or numbness in the legs, and blurred vision. Very high blood sugar can cause rapid breathing, dry skin, fruity breath, and nausea.

Meanwhile, the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may not appear for years – meaning the disease can wreak havoc on a person’s body without them realizing it. Early symptoms include frequent infections, fatigue, frequent urination, thirst, hunger, blurred vision, erectile dysfunction in men, and pain or numbness in the hands or feet. Drincic notes that “type 2 diabetes symptoms don’t start as suddenly as type 1 diabetes symptoms do.”

Blood tests used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes include fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1C test, and glucose tolerance test. The A1C test measures the average blood sugar level over the past few months. The glucose tolerance test measures blood sugar after a sugary drink is given.

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“The blood sugar tests we do to diagnose and manage type 1 diabetes are very similar to the tests we do for type 2 diabetes,” says Drincic. “We can do a blood test to look for antibodies. That tells us whether it’s type 1 or 2.” In type 1 diabetes, the immune system makes antibodies that act against the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, and these antibodies can be detected in blood tests. Your doctor may suspect type 2 diabetes based on your symptoms and risk factors, such as obesity and family history.

A good diabetic diet and regular exercise are important for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, Knapp explains. “The big difference is that everyone with type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin,” he says. “People with type 1 diabetes need to check their blood sugar levels with a device called a glucometer about four times a day to find out how much insulin to take.”

Treatment for type 2 diabetes also begins with diet and exercise, and oral medications can also be used to increase the amount of insulin the pancreas makes, Knapp said. Over time, if the pancreas stops making insulin, some people with type 2 will also need insulin. People with type 2 diabetes also need to have their blood sugar checked, from one to several times a day, depending on their health condition.

“Whether it’s type 1 or type 2,” says Drinsic, “the big picture for diabetes is about preventing complications,” most of which are related to nerve and blood vessel damage. For example, if you have one type of diabetes, you have twice the risk of having a heart attack or heart disease compared to someone without the disease. Other complications include eye problems, kidney disease, foot infections, skin infections, stroke, high blood pressure, cognitive decline, and high cholesterol.

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“Until now there is no way to prevent or cure type 1 diabetes,” notes Drincic. “There is a lot of promising research, but it’s still in the early stages.” Some initiatives involve targeting cells in the immune system that cause an autoimmune response. Other possibilities include the use of stem cells or a pancreas transplant.

Another area of ​​research is diet and its effect on the prevention and maintenance of diabetes. A study published in March 2017 in the British Journal of Nutrition reports that following a diet high in plant-based nutrients and low in meat consumption lowers a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The results suggest that certain compounds found in meat, not specific proteins, increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. 2. In addition to eating a healthy diet rich in plant nutrients, a large number of studies show that exercise is essential not only for weight control, but also for maintaining a healthy and optimistic outlook.

“The best cure for type 2 diabetes is prevention, and the research on that is very interesting,” says Drincic. “Losing moderate amounts of weight and exercising regularly can significantly reduce or delay type 2 diabetes.” For example, The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS), a landmark study published in December 2003 in the journal Diabetes Care

, followed 522 middle-aged, overweight subjects with risk factors for type 2 diabetes. A weight loss diet and 30 minutes of daily exercise reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58 percent compared with those who did not follow the diet or exercise.

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